Which physical findings are characteristic of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB)?

Updated: Feb 13, 2020
  • Author: Vittorio Rinaldi, MD; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Answer

Most patients with SDB are overweight or obese. A patient with a short, thick neck may be predisposed to SDB. Scalloped indentations along the lateral tongue (from teeth) are a marker for relative tongue/mandibular arch size mismatch, which may predispose individuals to SDB.

Children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome (OSAS) are likely to present with normal body weight, tonsillar hypertrophy, and inattentiveness during school classes. [44]  However, OSAS in children is not discussed in this article.


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