How can epistaxis (nosebleed) be prevented?

Updated: May 08, 2020
  • Author: Quoc A Nguyen, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
  • Print

To the extent possible, patients should avoid the following:

  • Strenuous activities - Protection from direct trauma from some sports activities is afforded by the use of helmets or face pieces.

  • Hot and dry environments – The effects of such environments can be mitigated by using humidifiers, better thermostatic control, saline spray, and antibiotic ointment on the Kiesselbach area.

  • Hot and spicy foods

  • Digital trauma – In children, nose picking is difficult to deter and should probably be considered inevitable. Keeping the child’s nails well trimmed may be helpful.

  • Nose blowing and excessive sneezing - Instruct patients to sneeze gently with the mouth open.

  • Inappropriate or careless use of drugs - Consider drug education relating to use or accidental ingestion of aspirin, warfarin (eg, rat poison in toddlers), or drug abuse in adolescents.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!