What are the age and sex demographics for epistaxis (nosebleed)?

Updated: May 08, 2020
  • Author: Quoc A Nguyen, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

The age distribution is bimodal, with peaks in young children (2-10 y) and older individuals (50-80 y). Epistaxis is unusual in infants in the absence of a coagulopathy or nasal pathology (eg, choanal atresia, neoplasm). Local trauma (eg, nose picking) does not occur until later in the toddler years. Older children and adolescents also have a less frequent incidence. Consider cocaine abuse in adolescent patients.

Prevalence of epistaxis tends to be higher in males (58%) than in females (42%).


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