How is allergic fungal sinusitis treated surgically?

Updated: Mar 17, 2020
  • Author: Hassan H Ramadan, MD, MSc; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Surgery is generally considered the treatment of choice. Goals of surgical therapy are conservative debridement of the allergic mucin and polyps (if present) from the involved sinuses and restoration of sinus aeration. Goals may be achieved endoscopically if possible. An external approach can be considered if the lesion is not accessible endoscopically. Adequate ventilation of the sinus is essential to prevent relapse or recurrence of the disease once the disease is exenterated.

A retrospective study by Masterson et al found that in terms of treatment with surgical (endoscopic sinus surgery) and targeted medical intervention, quality-of-life benefits were more prolonged in patients with allergic fungal rhinosinusitis than in those with chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyposis (CRSsNP) at 9- and 12-month follow-up (over a 12-month follow-up period). The study, which included 154 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis, 72 patients with CRSsNP, and 24 patients with allergic fungal rhinosinusitis, measured quality of life using the 22-item Sino-nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22). [18]

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