How is chronic invasive fungal sinusitis treated?

Updated: Mar 17, 2020
  • Author: Hassan H Ramadan, MD, MSc; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Surgical treatment is mandatory. Initiate medical treatment with systemic antifungals once invasion is diagnosed. Amphotericin B (2 g/d) is recommended; this can be replaced by ketoconazole or itraconazole once the disease is under control.

A study by Mehta et al suggested that itraconazole may be as effective as amphotericin B in the treatment of chronic invasive fungal sinusitis. In a prospective, randomized, unblinded study of 26 immunocompetent patients, one group (10 patients) was treated with amphotericin B and the other (16 patients) with itraconazole. A complete cure was achieved in two patients in the amphotericin-B group and five in the itraconazole group, while four amphotericin-B patients and seven itraconazole patients experienced persistent disease, and one amphotericin-B patient and three itraconazole patients had relapses. In addition, three patients died, and one was lost to follow-up. Based on relative risk analysis, the investigators concluded that itraconazole and amphotericin B worked equally well against chronic invasive fungal sinusitis. [17]


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