What are the risk factors for acute otitis media (AOM)?

Updated: Sep 25, 2019
  • Author: John D Donaldson, MD, FRCSC, FACS; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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The following are proven risk factors for otitis media:

  • Prematurity and low birth weight

  • Young age

  • Early onset

  • Family history

  • Race - Native American, Inuit, Australian aborigine

  • Altered immunity

  • Craniofacial abnormalities

  • Neuromuscular disease

  • Allergy

  • Day care

  • Crowded living conditions

  • Low socioeconomic status

  • Tobacco and pollutant exposure

  • Use of pacifier

  • Prone sleeping position

  • Fall or winter season

  • Absence of breastfeeding, prolonged bottle use

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