What are the most important reasons for treatment of otitis media with effusion (OME)?

Updated: Apr 06, 2020
  • Author: Thomas S Higgins, Jr, MD, MSPH; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Because otitis media with effusion lacks the inflammation found in acute otitis media, it has few complications. As noted above, the most important complications and reasons for treatment are hearing loss and potential language development delay. Nonetheless, persistent effusion provides an exceptional environment for the proliferation of bacteria. Therefore, recurrent acute otitis media (RAOM) with its potential complications is also a threat.

The complications of the various surgical interventions are discussed in Treatment.


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