How is tympanic membrane (TM) perforation treated in myringitis?

Updated: Oct 19, 2018
  • Author: John Schweinfurth, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Specific treatment of TM perforation includes the following:

  • Solutions of alcohol containing salicylic acid stimulate growth of the epithelium, which is very useful if the growth rate of the epithelium is diminished; however, when in contact with the mucosae of the middle ear, alcohol can cause earache and excessive irritation of the mucosae with subsequent increased secretion of mucus
  • Aqueous solutions may help to eliminate inflammation of the mucosae in the middle ear, but they cause maceration of the epidermis in the auditory canal; in addition, granulation tissue or polyps must be removed

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