What are the risks of intraoperative and postoperative bleeding of thyroid surgery?

Updated: Feb 27, 2020
  • Author: Pramod K Sharma, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Answer

Intraoperative bleeding stains the tissues and obscures important structures. Moreover, intraoperative bleeding increases the risk of other anatomic complications. Deliberate dissection and fastidious hemostasis are essential to prevent this complication.

Postoperative bleeding can be a devastating complication of thyroid surgery. An unrecognized or rapidly expanding hematoma can cause airway compromise and asphyxiation. The incidence of hemorrhage after thyroid surgery is low (0.3-1%), but the surgeon must be aware of this potentially fatal complication.


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