What is sarcoma of the thyroid gland and how is it treated?

Updated: May 09, 2018
  • Author: Pramod K Sharma, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Answer

Sarcomas that arise in the thyroid gland are uncommon. They are aggressive tumors that most likely arise from stromal or vascular tissue in the gland. Malignancies that appear to be sarcomas should be differentiated from anaplastic thyroid carcinomas, which can appear sarcomatous.

The treatment for thyroid sarcomas is total thyroidectomy. Radiation therapy may be used in an adjunctive setting. Most sarcomas are unresponsive to chemotherapy. Recurrence is common, as it is with sarcomas arising in other sites in the body, and the patient's overall prognosis is poor.


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