What is the role of nonspecific allergy testing in the workup of allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS)?

Updated: Mar 16, 2018
  • Author: John E McClay, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Nonspecific allergy testing

  • Gell and Coombs type I hypersensitivity in patients with allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) can be demonstrated by elevation of serum total and fungal-specific IgE and by positive skin test results for fungal and nonfungal antigens. However, this reaction does not appear to be fungal specific.

  • Sensitivity to numerous fungi has been indicated both by in vitro (RAST) and in vivo methods (skin testing), although generally, only a single fungus is isolated by culture of corresponding allergic fungal mucin. This previously has been thought to represent either a common fungal epitope or a genetic predisposition toward fungal allergy in allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS).

  • Recent work by Chrzanowski et al identified the presence of an 18-kd protein in allergic mucin obtained from patients with allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS), which may represent such a pan-antigen.


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