Which medications in the drug class Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) are used in the treatment of Nailbed Injuries?

Updated: Sep 27, 2017
  • Author: Darrell Sutijono, MD; Chief Editor: Trevor John Mills, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs)

NSAIDs are commonly used for relief of mild to moderate pain. Effects of NSAIDs in treating pain tend to be patient specific, but ibuprofen is usually the drug of choice (DOC) for initial therapy. Other options include ketoprofen, flurbiprofen, and naproxen.

Ibuprofen (Ibuprin, Advil, Motrin)

Usually DOC for treatment of mild to moderate pain if no contraindications exist. Decreases inflammatory reactions and pain by inhibiting the activity of the enzyme cyclooxygenase, resulting in diminished prostaglandin synthesis.

Flurbiprofen (Ansaid)

Has analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory effects. Decreases inflammatory reactions and pain by inhibiting the activity of the enzyme cyclooxygenase, resulting in diminished prostaglandin synthesis.

Ketoprofen (Oruvail, Orudis, Actron)

Used for relief of mild to moderate pain and inflammation. For patients with a small body size, elderly persons, and those with renal or liver disease, initially administer small dosages. Doses >75 mg do not increase therapeutic effects. Administer high doses with caution and closely observe patients' responses.

Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)

Used for relief of mild to moderate pain. Decreases inflammatory reactions and pain by inhibiting the activity of the enzyme cyclooxygenase, resulting in diminished prostaglandin synthesis.


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