What is the prevalence of tibia and fibula fracture?

Updated: Nov 30, 2017
  • Author: Jeffrey G Norvell, MD, MBA, RDMS; Chief Editor: Trevor John Mills, MD, MPH  more...
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Fractures of the tibia are the most common long bone fractures. The annual incidence of open fractures of long bones is estimated to be 11.5 per 100,000 persons, with 40% occurring in the lower limb. [10] The most common fracture of the lower limb occurs at the tibial diaphysis. [11] Isolated midshaft or proximal fibula fractures are uncommon.

Toddler fracture (distal spiral fracture of the tibia) is most common in children aged 9 months to 3 years. The majority of uncomplicated toddler fractures of the tibia do not need an orthopaedic surgeon's intervention or follow-up. In a study of the National Pediatric Trauma Registry for children and adolescents with compartment syndrome over a 51-month period, 133  cases were identified. Boys outnumbered girls 4 to 1, the median age was 12 years, and peak incidence was in patients aged 10 to 14 years. [12, 13, 14]

Tibial plateau fractures are common in the elderly population after a low-energy mechanism. Fractures in elderly patients may be complicated by osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and medical comorbidities. [15]

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