Which medications in the drug class Analgesics are used in the treatment of Shoulder Dislocation in Emergency Medicine?

Updated: Nov 29, 2018
  • Author: Sharon R Wilson, MD; Chief Editor: Trevor John Mills, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

Analgesics

These agents may be used for the relief of pain and relaxation of shoulder muscles. Pain control is essential to quality patient care. It ensures patient comfort, improves likelihood of successful reduction, and aids physical therapy regimens. Many analgesics have sedating properties that benefit patients with injuries.

Fentanyl citrate (Duragesic, Sublimaze)

DOC because of its rapid, almost immediate onset and short duration of 30-60 min. Can be reversed easily by naloxone 2 mg IV as needed for respiratory depression. Often used as part of conscious sedation with midazolam (see Sedation). Useful for emergency department visits only. Not intended to be given on an outpatient basis.

Oxycodone and acetaminophen (Percocet)

Drug combination indicated for relief of moderately severe to severe pain.

Hydrocodone bitartrate and acetaminophen (Vicodin ES)

Drug combination indicated for relief of moderately severe to severe pain.


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