Which medications in the drug class Vasopressors are used in the treatment of Caffeine Toxicity?

Updated: Oct 24, 2020
  • Author: David Yew, MD; Chief Editor: Michael A Miller, MD  more...
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These agents are used to increase blood pressure.

Phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine)

Strong postsynaptic alpha-receptor stimulant with little beta-adrenergic activity. Vasoconstricts arterioles and increases venous return.

Dopamine (Intropin)

Naturally occurring endogenous catecholamine that stimulates dopaminergic, beta1-adrenergic, and alpha1-adrenergic receptors in dose-dependent fashion. At 2-5 mcg/kg/min, acts on dopaminergic receptors in renal and splanchnic vascular beds, causing their vasodilation. At 5-15 mcg/kg/min, acts on beta-adrenergic receptors to increase heart rate and contractility. At 15-20 mcg/kg/min, acts on alpha-adrenergic receptors to increase systemic vascular resistance and raise BP.

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