Which medications in the drug class Alkalinizing agent are used in the treatment of MDMA Toxicity?

Updated: Dec 20, 2017
  • Author: In-Hei Hahn, MD, FACEP, FACMT; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Answer

Alkalinizing agent

These agents are used to facilitate treatment of rhabdomyolysis.

Sodium bicarbonate (Neut)

Useful in alkalization of urine to prevent acute myoglobinuric renal failure; titrate dose to increase pH to 7.45-7.55; onset of action is within minutes and lasts approximately 15-30 min; monitor blood pH to avoid excess alkalosis. Maintain normal serum potassium level because urinary alkalinization impossible if patient is hypokalemic.


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