What is the global prevalence of MDMA toxicity?

Updated: May 30, 2020
  • Author: In-Hei Hahn, MD, FACEP, FACMT; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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The European Centre for Drugs and Drug Addictions (ECDDA) reports a wide variation between countries in the lifetime prevalence of MDMA use in 15- to 34-year-olds, ranging from 0.1% to 12.2%, with a weighted European average of 5.7%. Use of MDMA during the prior year ranges from 0.1% to 3.1%. The ECDDA estimated that about 1.8 million (1.3 %) young Europeans used MDMA in 2012. [21]

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates that world wide in 2015, from 9.4 million to 43.1 million people had used MDMA during the past year. MDMA use remained high in Oceania (primarily Australia andNew Zealand), Europe ,and North America, with previous declines in Western and Central Europe, reversing since 2013. The UN estimates the average global prevalence of MDMA use at 0.45%, with higher rates in Oceania (2.42%), North America (0.89%), and Europe (0.69%). [22]

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