What is the global prevalence of methamphetamine toxicity?

Updated: Aug 15, 2018
  • Author: John R Richards, MD, FAAEM; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Answer

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates that worldwide in 2015 there were 37 million users of amphetamine-type stimulants, which includes methamphetamine. Methamphetamine is a feature of amphetamine-type stimulant markets worldwide, but is particularly dominant in East and Southeast Asia and North America  In East and Southeast Asia, the market for both tablet and crystalline methamphetamine is large and growing. [1]

An Australian study that used liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry to analyze wastewater (an increasingly popular method for monitoring trends of illicit drug use) reported that from 2009-2015, methamphetamine consumption increased fivefold. In the study, which involved wastewater from wastewater treatment plants in South East Queensland, methamphetamine residues were consistently detected in both urban and rural catchments. [23]


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