What is the global prevalence of opioid toxicity?

Updated: Jul 19, 2021
  • Author: Everett Stephens, MD; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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According to the 2018 report of the United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC), the global prevalence of opiate (heroin, morphine, and opium) use was estimated at 0.4% of the population aged 15-64 years. The global number of opiate users increased from 17.7 million in 2015 to 19.4 million in 2016. For opioids overall, the UNODC estimates that globally, 34 million people were past-year users in 2016. [23]

In Europe, illicit use of fentanyl and its analogues (eg, 3-methylfentanyl ) have been identified as a rising cause of overdose deaths. In countries affected by heroin shortages, these drugs have been marketed as a replacement for heroin. [24]

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