What is the prevalence of iron toxicity in the US?

Updated: Dec 31, 2020
  • Author: Adefris Adal, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Sage W Wiener, MD  more...
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Answer

Iron toxicity in the United states is largely the result of ingestion of iron tablets or multivitamins but can also be a result of blood transfusions. Iron ingestion is particularly hazardous for children who unintentionally ingest iron-containing tablets. [17] In adults, ingestion is largely intentional.

In 2019, the AAPCC reported 4858 single exposures to iron and iron salts (not including iron-supplemented multivitamins). Of those, 2130 were in children younger than 6 years and 1682 were in adults older than 19 years. There were 8898 reported single exposures to multivitamins that contained iron. Of these exposures, 7201 were in children younger than 6 years. [14]


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