How are medication-induced dystonic reactions diagnosed?

Updated: Feb 19, 2018
  • Author: John Michael Kowalski, DO; Chief Editor: David Vearrier, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

The diagnosis is usually apparent from the history and physical examination. A history of medication exposure is usually obtained. Even when a supporting history is not obtained, the clinical picture alone is enough to strongly suggest the diagnosis. A predictable, rapid resolution of symptoms following treatment confirms the diagnosis. Failure to improve, however, should prompt the clinician to consider alternative diagnosis. [20] In most cases, laboratory and imaging tests are not needed.


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