How does the prevalence of cocaine toxicity vary by age?

Updated: Sep 01, 2018
  • Author: Lynn Barkley Burnett, MD, EdD, LLB(c); Chief Editor: Sage W Wiener, MD  more...
  • Print
Answer

Age-related breakdown of data on cocaine use and cocaine-related ED visits are shown in Table 3 and Table 4, below. [1]

Table 3. Current Cocaine Use by Age: 2016 (Open Table in a new window)

Age Range (y)

Cocaine Use, Any Form, Past Month (Percentage of Same-age Population)

Crack Cocaine Use, Past Month (Percentage of Same-age Population)

Total

1.9 million (0.7%)

432,000 (0.2%)

12-17

28,000 (0.2%)

3000 (< 0.1%)

18-25

552,000 (1.4%)

15,000 (< 0.1%)

≥26

1.3 million (0.5%)

414,000 (0.2%)

Table 4. 2011 DAWN Data on Emergency Department Visits for Cocaine, by Age (Open Table in a new window)

Age, y

Number of Visits

0-11

...

12-17

5904

18-20

15,198

21-24

37,643

25-29

57,398

30-34

55,247

35-44

127,405

45-54

154,101

55-64

47,064

≥65

4887

A review by Yarnell concluded that cocaine abuse in the older and geriatric age group is on the rise, but remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. In older individuals, cocaine use is associated with a number of adverse medical consequences, including higher rates of hypertension, pulmonary problems, myocardial infarction or coronary artery spasm, stroke, and cognitive impairment. [26]


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!