What is the global prevalence of cocaine toxicity?

Updated: Dec 31, 2020
  • Author: Lynn Barkley Burnett, MD, EdD, JD; Chief Editor: Sage W Wiener, MD  more...
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Answer

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) estimates that worldwide, there were 19 million past-year users of cocaine in 2018. The UNODC found indications of increasing cocaine use in Western and Central Europe, stabilization in North America, and mixed trends in South America. [21]

Wastewater analysis from selected European cities has shown an increase of 30% or more during the period 2011-2016. [21]  Wastewater analyses from Australia showed an increase in cocaine consumption of 50% form 2016/17 to 2019. [21] A study of patients presenting with acute toxicity from psychoactive drugs in an urban emergency department in Switzerland from 2014 to 2015 found that cocaine accounted for 33% of the 50,624 cases. [22]


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