What are the signs and symptoms of phase I (early stimulation) cocaine toxicity?

Updated: Sep 01, 2018
  • Author: Lynn Barkley Burnett, MD, EdD, LLB(c); Chief Editor: Sage W Wiener, MD  more...
  • Print
Answer

Phase I (early stimulation) is as follows:

  • Central nervous system (CNS) findings: Mydriasis, headache, bruxism, nausea, vomiting, vertigo, nonintentional tremor (eg, twitching of small muscles, especially facial and finger), tics, preconvulsive movements, and pseudohallucinations (eg, cocaine bugs)

  • Circulatory findings: Possible increase in blood pressure (BP), slowed or increased pulse rate (possibly with ventricular ectopy), and pallor

  • Respiratory findings: Increase in rate and depth

  • Temperature findings: Elevated body temperature

  • Behavioral findings: Euphoria, elation, garrulous talk, agitation, apprehension, excitation, restlessness, verbalization of impending doom, and emotional lability


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!