Which physical findings are characteristic of ethylene glycol alcohol toxicity?

Updated: Jan 05, 2021
  • Author: Michael D Levine, MD; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Answer

The physical findings depend on the stage of the presentation. Thus, the patient may present simply inebriated or progressively more acidotic as renal failure, cardiovascular dysfunction, and coma develop.

Examination findings correlate with the symptoms, as previously described.

In patients who survive severe intoxication, calcium oxalate crystal deposition may occur in the brain parenchyma and can induce cranial neuropathies. These findings typically occur as the patient is recovering from the initial intoxication. Cranial nerves II, V, VII, VIII, IX, X, and XII are most commonly involved.


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