What are the ACEP guideline criteria for inpatient treatment of syncope?

Updated: Jan 13, 2017
  • Author: Rumm Morag, MD, FACEP; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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Many physicians continue to admit patients because of perceived risk. Reviews of the 2001 American College of Emergency Physician (ACEP) clinical policy suggested that evidence-based criteria may decrease admission rates by nearly half by identifying cardiac causes of syncope. Inpatient admission should be reserved for patients in whom identification of specific immediate risk is needed (eg, those with structural heart disease or a history of ventricular arrhythmia). Outpatient management can be used for patients who are at low risk for a cardiac etiology to define a precise cause so that mechanism-specific treatment can be effected.

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