What is thrombosis?

Updated: Aug 04, 2021
  • Author: Wanda L Rivera-Bou, MD, FAAEM, FACEP; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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Thrombosis is an important part of the normal hemostatic response that limits hemorrhage caused by microscopic or macroscopic vascular injury. Physiologic thrombosis is counterbalanced by intrinsic antithrombotic properties and fibrinolysis. Under normal conditions, a thrombus is confined to the immediate area of injury and does not obstruct flow to critical areas, unless the blood vessel lumen is already diminished, as it is in atherosclerosis.

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