What are the potential complications in mechanically ventilated patient and which are common?

Updated: Apr 07, 2020
  • Author: Allon Amitai, MD; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Answer

Answer

The differential diagnosis of the clinically deteriorating, mechanically ventilated patient is wide and includes endotracheal tube or ventilator dysfunction, improper ventilator settings, pain, anxiety, and pulmonary or extrapulmonary disease processes. [10] The complications most commonly encountered in the ED include hypoxia, hypotension, high-pressure alarms, and low exhaled–volume alarms.

Intubated patients who develop hemodynamic instability with respiratory compromise should immediately be disconnected from the ventilator and manually ventilated with 100% FiO2.


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