How is synchronous intermittent mandatory ventilation delivered?

Updated: Apr 07, 2020
  • Author: Allon Amitai, MD; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Answer

Answer

The ventilator delivers preset breaths in coordination with the respiratory effort of the patient. Spontaneous breathing is allowed between breaths. Synchronization between preset mandatory breaths and the patient's spontaneous breaths attempts to limit barotrauma that may occur with IMV when a preset breath is delivered to a patient who is already maximally inhaled (breath stacking) or is forcefully exhaling. One disadvantage of SIMV is increased work of breathing, though this may be mitigated by adding pressure support on top of spontaneous breaths.


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