What equipment is used in paracentesis?

Updated: Jul 05, 2018
  • Author: Gil Z Shlamovitz, MD, FACEP; Chief Editor: Vikram Kate, MBBS, MS, PhD, FRCS, FACS, FACG, FRCS(Edin), FRCS(Glasg), FIMSA, MAMS, MASCRS  more...
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The equipment required can be found in a disposable paracentesis/thoracocentesis kit (see the image below).

Paracentesis/thoracocentesis tray. Paracentesis/thoracocentesis tray.

Equipment includes the following:

  • Antiseptic swab sticks
  • Fenestrated drape
  • Lidocaine 1%, 5-mL ampule
  • Syringe, 10 mL
  • Injection needles, 22-gauge (two)
  • Injection needle, 25-gauge
  • Scalpel, No. 11 blade
  • Catheter, 8 French, over 18-gauge × 7.5-in. needle with three-way stopcock, self-sealing valve, and a 5-mL Luer-Lok syringe
  • Syringe, 60 mL
  • Introducer needle, 20-gauge
  • Tubing set with roller clamp
  • Drainage bag or vacuum container
  • Specimen vials or collection bottles (three)
  • Gauze, 4 × 4 in.
  • Adhesive dressing

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