Which patients are at increased risk for infection of ascitic fluid without intra-abdominal infection?

Updated: Jul 05, 2018
  • Author: Gil Z Shlamovitz, MD, FACEP; Chief Editor: Vikram Kate, MBBS, MS, PhD, FRCS, FACS, FACG, FRCS(Edin), FRCS(Glasg), FIMSA, MAMS, MASCRS  more...
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Infection of ascitic fluid without intra-abdominal infection usually occurs in patients with chronic liver disease due to translocation of enteric bacteria. Common pathogens include Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, enterococcal species, and Streptococcus pneumoniae. [7] Patients with renal failure who use abdominal peritoneal dialysis are also at increased risk, as are children with nephrosis or systemic lupus erythematosus. Anaerobic bacteria are not associated with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP).

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