Which condition are included in the differential diagnoses of scleritis?

Updated: Feb 08, 2021
  • Author: Theodore J Gaeta, DO, MPH, FACEP; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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The examiner must be cognizant of conditions that masquerade as scleritis, such as toxoplasmosis-induced posterior uveitis and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. [29, 30]  Episcleritis often presents similarly to scleritis, but inflammation and erythema is isolated to the episclera, which lies between the sclera and the conjunctiva. [26]  Episcleritis has a more benign course and does not cause any visual changes or permanent impairment; however, recurrence is common.

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