Which immunocompromised host groups are at highest risk for pneumonia?

Updated: Jan 07, 2019
  • Author: Julie B Zhao, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Answer

Answer

The major immunocompromised host groups are those with:

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Solid organ and hematopoietic cell transplants

  • Malignancy on chemotherapy or radiation therapy

  • Primary immunodeficiencies and autoimmune diseases

  • Acquired immunodeficiencies: asplenia, long-term steroid use

Chest radiograph of HIV-infected patient with PJP Chest radiograph of HIV-infected patient with PJP shows diffuse patchy infiltrates with predominantly perihilar and interstitial prominence, as well as a few pneumatocoeles up to 1cm in size. Courtesy of Radiopaedia (https://radiopaedia.org/), case of Dr Andrew Dixon, rID 9613.
Chest CT of HIV-infected patient with PJP shows ea Chest CT of HIV-infected patient with PJP shows early findings of diffuse ground glass opacities, and chronic findings of linear opacities and thickening of interlobular septa. Courtesy of Radiopaedia (https://radiopaedia.org/), case of Dr Yune Kwong, rID 26697.

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