Which medications in the drug class Local Anesthetics are used in the treatment of Lumbar Puncture?

Updated: Aug 02, 2018
  • Author: Gil Z Shlamovitz, MD, FACEP; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Answer

Local Anesthetics

Local anesthetic agents are used to increase patient comfort during the procedure.

Lidocaine

Lidocaine is an amide local anesthetic used in a 1-2% concentration. This agent inhibits depolarization of type C sensory neurons by blocking sodium channels. Epinephrine prolongs the effect and enhances hemostasis (maximum epinephrine dose, 4.5-7 mg/kg).


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