Which medications in the drug class Electrolyte supplements are used in the treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and Emphysema in Emergency Medicine?

Updated: Aug 15, 2019
  • Author: Paul Kleinschmidt, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Answer

Electrolyte supplements

Magnesium is used to replenish stores that become depleted in periods of adrenergic excess such as asthma attacks, COPD exacerbations, and diuretic use.

Magnesium sulfate

Magnesium sulfate is thought to produce bronchodilation through the counteraction of calcium-mediated smooth muscle constriction. Again, for every study showing a positive finding, probably another shows no benefit, but given properly, magnesium is safe and may have some benefit.


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