What are the first-line therapies for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?

Updated: Nov 13, 2020
  • Author: Paul Kleinschmidt, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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These agents are first-line therapy for COPD, both for acute exacerbations and for acute treatment. [11] Bronchodilators are given on an as-needed basis or on a regular basis to prevent or reduce symptoms. [3] Short-acting agents are usually used for immediate relief of symptoms, whereas long-acting inhaled agents are better for day-to-day mitigation of the disease. The longer-acting agent, indacaterol, is now approved and allows once-daily dosing. [12]

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