What factors can alter the prognosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?

Updated: Nov 13, 2020
  • Author: Paul Kleinschmidt, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Supplemental oxygen (when indicated) has been shown to increase survival rates.

Smoking cessation improves the prognosis.

Cor pulmonale, hypercapnia, tachycardia, and malnutrition indicate a poor prognosis.

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