What is included in the prehospital care of pediatric patients with fever?

Updated: Jul 23, 2019
  • Author: Hina Z Ghory, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD  more...
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Prehospital care provided by emergency medical service (EMS) personnel may vary from region to region based on regional differences in education, training, and transport times. Children with fever alone may require no specific intervention in the EMS setting, except for those other conditions that exist in the presence of fever.

Assessment of and attention to airway, breathing, and circulation is recommended first for all ill children. Securing intravenous (IV) access is part of the prehospital care, especially in toxic-appearing children. Children who have had prolonged or very high fever may become dehydrated, and assessment of the hydration status is indicated. Some children may be prone to febrile seizures. Seizure precautions should be followed in those with a history of febrile seizures.

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