What is the role of bedside ultrasound in the evaluation of pediatric dehydration?

Updated: Nov 12, 2018
  • Author: Alex Koyfman, MD; Chief Editor: Muhammad Waseem, MBBS, MS, FAAP, FACEP, FAHA  more...
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Answer

Bedside ultrasound has also been used to measure the inferior vena cava and the aorta diameter ratio and has been found to be a marginally accurate measurement of acute weight loss in children with dehydration due to gastroenteritis. [8, 9] A study also reported that ultrasound measured inspiratory inferior vena cava collapse and physician gestalt were poor predictors of the actual level of dehydration. [9]

Jauregui et al designed a study to validate if the ratio of the ultrasound-measured diameter of the inferior vena cava (IVC) to the aorta (Ao) correlates with the level of dehydration in children as previous studies have reported. The study also tested the accuracy of the ultrasound measured inspiratory IVC collapse and physician gestalt to predict significant dehydration in children in the emergency department. The authors concluded that the ultrasound-measured IVC/Ao ratio is a modest predictor of significant dehydration in children. The inspiratory IVC collapse and physician gestalt were poor predictors of the actual level of dehydration in this study. [10]


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