What is the role of laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in the treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG)?

Updated: Nov 19, 2018
  • Author: Joseph Freedman, MD; Chief Editor: Steven C Dronen, MD, FAAEM  more...
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Answer

Laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI), performed 24-48 hours after IOP is controlled, is considered the definitive treatment for AACG. Furthermore, LPI may be offered prophylactically to individuals anatomically predisposed to AACG if identified before the first acute attack. While LPI is the current definitive treatment, evidence suggests that argon laser peripheral iridoplasty (ALPI) and anterior chamber paracentesis (ACP) may have increasing roles in the management of AACG.

In ALPI, burns are made in the peripheral iris resulting in iris contraction and opening of the angle. Some studies suggest ALPI causes a more immediate decrease in IOP, resulting in better outcomes with fewer side effects than systemic therapy. [20] However, a recent randomized-controlled trial comparing LPI plus ALPI compared with ALI alone failed to show improved outcomes with ALPI as an adjunctive therapy. [21] Systemic therapy must still be used with ACP, but ACP appears to instantaneously relieve symptoms.


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