How is retinal detachment treated?

Updated: Jul 08, 2021
  • Author: Hemang K Pandya, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Bruce M Lo, MD, MBA, CPE, RDMS, FACEP, FAAEM, FACHE  more...
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General treatment measures include the following:

  • Nil per os (NPO) status in anticipation of retinal surgery

  • In trauma cases, protection of the globe with a metallic eye shield

  • Avoidance of any pressure on the globe

  • Limitation of activity to a minimum until further evaluation

  • Treatment of any unstable vital signs in preparation for possible emergency surgery

  • Consideration of referral to a retina specialist (eg, whenever a macula-on retinal detachment is suspected)

Specific techniques for treating retinal detachments include the following:

  • Scleral buckling

  • Pars plana vitrectomy

  • Pneumatic retinopexy

Retinal detachment repair is usually done on an outpatient basis.

See Treatment and Medication for more detail.

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