What is included in the gross exam of corneal ulcer and ulcerative keratitis?

Updated: Aug 05, 2019
  • Author: Jesse Borke, MD, FACEP, FAAEM; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Gross examination should include the eyelids, surface of the eye, pupils, extraocular muscles, and fundi. Examination of the lids and the conjunctiva may reveal associated inflammation in these locations. The eye is often erythematous, and ciliary injection is often present. Pupillary constriction may be present secondary to ciliary spasm and iritis. Purulent exudate may be seen in the conjunctival sac or on the surface of the ulcer, and infiltration of the stroma may result in a whitish opacity of the cornea.

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