Which findings of respiratory dysfunction are characteristic of spinal cord injury (SCI)?

Updated: Nov 01, 2018
  • Author: Lawrence S Chin, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Brian H Kopell, MD  more...
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Answer

Other findings of respiratory disfunction include the following:

  • Agitation, anxiety, or restlessness

  • Poor chest wall expansion

  • Decreased air entry

  • Rales, rhonchi

  • Pallor, cyanosis

  • Increased heart rate

  • Paradoxic movement of the chest wall

  • Increased accessory muscle use

  • Moist cough


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