Which patient groups are at highest risk for spinal cord injury (SCI)?

Updated: Nov 01, 2018
  • Author: Lawrence S Chin, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Brian H Kopell, MD  more...
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Answer

A significant trend over time has been observed in the racial distribution of persons with spinal cord injury. Since 2005, 66.5% are white, 26.8% are black, 8.3% are Hispanic, and 2.0% are Asian. [11]

Males are approximately 4 times more likely than females to have spinal cord injuries. Overall, males account for 80.7% of reported injuries in the national database. [11]

Since 2005, the average age at injury is 40.7 years, reflecting the rise in the median age of the general population in the United States. [11] About 50% of spinal cord injuries occur between the ages of 16 and 30 years, 3.5% occur in children aged 15 years or younger, and about 11.5% in those older than 60 years (11.5%). Greater mortality is reported in older patients with spinal cord injury.


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