What are signs of respiratory dysfunction in spinal cord injury (SCI)?

Updated: Nov 01, 2018
  • Author: Lawrence S Chin, MD, FACS, FAANS; Chief Editor: Brian H Kopell, MD  more...
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Signs of respiratory dysfunction include the following:

  • Loss of ventilatory muscle function from denervation and/or associated chest wall injury

  • Lung injury, such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, or pulmonary contusion

  • Decreased central ventilatory drive that is associated with head injury or exogenous effects of alcohol and drugs

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