Which studies may be performed to identify the infectious agent causing encephalitis?

Updated: Aug 07, 2018
  • Author: David S Howes, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Answer

Studies that may be ordered to identify the infectious agent include the following:

  • HSV cultures of suspicious lesions and a Tzanck smear

  • Viral cultures of CSF, including HSV

  • Blood cultures for bacterial pathogens

  • Complement fixation antibodies to identify arbovirus

  • Heterophile antibody and cold agglutinin testing for EBV

  • Serologic tests for Toxoplasma


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