How does the presence of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) affect the prognosis of patients with cirrhosis?

Updated: Nov 26, 2018
  • Author: Thomas E Green, DO, MPH, MMM, CPE, FACEP, FACOEP; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
  • Print

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis occurs in both children and adults and is a well-known and ominous complication in patients with cirrhosis. [1]  Of patients with cirrhosis who have spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, 70% are Child-Pugh class C. In these patients, the development of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is associated with a poor long-term prognosis. Patients with cirrhosis who develop spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in the face of septic shock are at high risk of mortality.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!