Where in the body does septic thrombophlebitis occur?

Updated: Oct 05, 2021
  • Author: JE Robyn Hanna, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Answer

A number of distinct clinical conditions have been identified, depending on the vessel involved, but all thrombophlebitides involve the same basic pathophysiology. Thrombosis and infection within a vein can occur throughout the body and can involve superficial or deep vessels. Notable examples are thrombophlebitis in the following:

  • Peripheral veins

  • Pelvic veins

  • Portal vein (pylephlebitis)

  • Superior vena cava (SVC) or inferior vena cava (IVC)

  • Internal jugular vein (Lemierre syndrome)

  • Dural sinuses


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