What is the clinical presentation of T solium infection (tapeworm infestation)?

Updated: Apr 15, 2021
  • Author: Lisandro Irizarry, MD, MBA, MPH, FACEP; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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Answer

The cysticerci that develop with T solium infestations can cause mass effects from the cystic growth leaving the physical findings dependent on the location and the size of the growth.

Although most patients have normal neurologic examinations, the most common presentation of neurocysticercosis is the neurologic manifestations of seizures and focal neurologic deficits, along with possible hydrocephalus, meningitis, and dementia. Predictably, signs of increased intracranial pressure occur, as well as headaches, visual changes, vomiting, ataxia, and confusion.

Clinical manifestations of spinal neurocysticercosis are nonspecific and dependent on the size and the location of the cysts.


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