How is chronic prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) characterized?

Updated: Nov 01, 2019
  • Author: Paul J Turek, MD; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) Pritchard Taylor, III, MD  more...
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CPPS is characterized primarily by urological pain complaints in the absence of urinary tract infection. This syndrome excludes the presence of active urethritis, urogenital cancer, urinary tract disease, significant urethral stricture, or neurological disease affecting the bladder. It is subdivided into inflammatory and noninflammatory subtypes. Inflammatory CPPS is defined by the presence of white blood cells in the semen, expressed prostatic secretions, or voided bladder urine after prostatic massage (see Workup). Noninflammatory CPPS is defined by the absence of white blood cells. [2]

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